About the COP28

What is a COP ?

The Conference of the Parties (“COP”) is the supreme decision-making body of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (“UNFCCC” or the “Convention”) created at the Earth summit in Rio in 1992, which is the first global treaty addressing climate change adopted by 197 countries, as of September 2021. All countries  that are parties to the Convention (the “States”) are represented at the COP, at which they review together with representatives of governments, businesses and civil society, the implementation of the Convention.

The COP meetings have led to major international milestones agreements such as: Kyoto Protocol (1997) -GHG emissions reduction treaty-; Marrakesh Accords (2001) -International emissions trading-; Cancum Agreement(2010) -Green Climate Fund-; and lastly the Paris Agreement (2015) which is the most comprehensive, legally binding international treaty on climate change to date, where the States agreed to take action to hold the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and pursue efforts to limit increase to 1.5°C.

Since this 2015 Paris Agreement turning point in global climate governance, negotiations have centered on developing more precise principles and norms for carrying out the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), bringing all the nations together to combat climate change and adapt to its effects.

Entry requirements for Green Zone and Blue Zone:

  • The Blue Zone will be accessible with UN accreditations only
  • The Green Zone will be free to enter, with a pre-registration

"I would like to say how much we want this COP 28 to be a great success, a COP of solutions, which provides concrete solutions. And we obviously give our full support to the United Arab Emirates, which has a historic responsibility to make this COP 28 a success. I am sure that our Emirati friends will succeed". 

Bruno Lemaire, Minister of the Economy and Finance of France


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