Focus COP

Focus COP: On The Way To A New Horizon

The Conference of the Parties ("COP") is the supreme decision-making body of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change ("UNFCCC" or "Convention") created at the Rio Earth Summit in 1992, which is the first global treaty on climate change adopted by 197 countries in September 2021.

All countries that are party to the Convention (the "States") are represented at the COP, where they discuss implementation of the Convention with representatives of governments, business and civil society.

COP meetings have led to major international agreements such as :

  • COP1 Kyoto Protocol (1997): GHG emissions reduction treaty
  • COP7 Marrakech Accords (2001): International emissions trading
  • COP16 Cancun Agreement (2010): Green Climate Fund
  • COP21 Paris Agreement (2015): the most comprehensive international treaty on climate change, bringing together 196 countries to negotiate a global agreement to combat climate change.


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